极细同轴线/Twinax连接器

极细同轴线产品类别
 

I-PEX极细同轴线连接器是显示器,摄像模组,储存设备和其他应用的理想选择。

Table of contents :


What is a coaxial cable?

The basic structure of the cable
What is a micro-coaxial cable ?

What is a Micro Coaxial Cable Connector?

Micro coaxial cable connector 
Micro coaxial cable male seat Harness preparation process 
Cable assembly type

Why Micro Coaxial Cable is the First Choice for High Speed ​​Applications? 

The characteristics of ultra-thin coaxial lines and the application of 
signal transmission advantages of ultra-thin coaxial lines
Mechanical advantages of ultra-thin coaxial lines

Why can I-PEX micro coaxial connectors be widely used?

Features of I-PEX micro-coaxial connectors Features
of I-PEX shielded connectors

 

What is a coaxial cable?


Micro coaxial connection harness features
Micro coaxial connection harness features

1) Basic structure of the cable

A cable with a simple structure and a conductor wrapped with a layer of coating is called an electronic wire. The cable with multi-layer structure, the center conductor is wrapped with an insulating layer, the outer conductor and the outer layer are called ultra-fine coaxial cables. The outer conductor of the coaxial cable plays the role of electromagnetic shielding, and the electrical signal transmitted through the central conductor is not easily affected by external electromagnetic waves (electromagnetic noise).

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2) What is Micro Coaxial Cable?

The size of the center conductor used in the coaxial cable adopts the American Wire Gauge (AWG) standard, and the larger the AWG number, the smaller the size of the center conductor.
In general, coaxial cables with an outer diameter (OD) of 1 mm or less are referred to as "micro-coaxial" cables. Ultra-thin coaxial cables are widely used for signal transmission between internal module boards of personal computers, tablet computers, smart phones and other equipment, as well as signal transmission between precision instruments such as medical, industrial, automotive and aviation.

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Note: The above data is for reference only (cable size depends on cable type).

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What is a Micro Coaxial Cable Connector?


1) Micro coaxial connector 

The ultra-thin coaxial cable connector is mainly used to connect digital signals between module boards through the differential transmission mode of the ultra-fine coaxial cable. For proper signal transmission, the center conductor that transmits the signal needs to be connected to the signal circuit on the PCB board through the terminals of the connector. The outer conductor of the cable needs to be electrically connected to the PCB board through the metal part of the connector - the shell. The electrical connection between the outer conductor and the PCB board through the connector shell is called "grounding".

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Cross-sectional view of the connector in the mated state

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2) Preparation process of ultra-fine coaxial male seat harness

The main process of wire harness preparation:

  1. Prepare for Cable Assembly
  2. Install the cable assembly onto the male body assembly and solder the exposed wires to the male signal terminals
  3. Positioning lock assembly (or lock) male seat part
  4. Cap the male housing and solder the required areas to complete the male harness

首先,对极细同轴线进行预处理,以便于线束装配。经过预处理的电缆称为电缆组件。这种预处理简化了连接器的电缆焊接过程,提高了公座线束质量的稳定性。这是在电缆被焊接到连接器之前完成的。

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电缆组件的准备过程

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将电缆外层导体焊接于连接器外壳,电缆外层导体通过连接器与PCB板电气连接,以获得良好的接地特性。

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线束装配过程
(例如: CABLINE®-CA II)

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3) 线缆装配类型

一般来说,下列电缆类型可用于电缆组件(取决于线束制造商):

10全部为极细同轴线:
只使用极细同轴线。电缆组件可以使用不同的电缆直径(直径尺寸范围可能有限制)。

 

11极细同轴线/电子线混合:
极细同轴线用于信号传输,离散线用于供电。

 

12接地片和接地手指:
接地片上的接地手指与连接器直接相连,除了可以减少电缆的使用数量外,同时还可以改善线束的电气性能。

 

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为什么极细同轴线是高速应用的首选?


1) 极细同轴线的特点及应用

随着高速互联网和大容量存储设备使用的增加,我们可以很容易的在个人电脑、平板电脑和智能手机等消费产品上欣赏高质量的图像和视频。设备上需要处理的信息量急剧增加,设备中的信号速度(传输标准)越来越快。

Signal transfer speed

线缆和FPC/FFC主要用于设备中模块板之间传输信号和功率时的跳接连接。在某种程度上,选用线缆还是FPC/FFC是由信号速度(信号传输标准)和传输距离决定的。

* 上述同轴线包括极细同轴电缆和双芯线。

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随着近年来信号传输速度的提高,极细同轴线在跳接设备中的应用越来越广泛。

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2) 极细同轴线的信号传输优势

信号传输特性受若干参数的影响,举例来说,包括阻抗,插入损耗,回波损耗和串音。以下是极细同轴线在高速信号传输时通常被认为具有信号传输优势的一些主要原因。

  • 减少回波损耗:
    极细同轴线的中心导体,绝缘体和外层导体匹配合适,在特定的阻抗下性能稳定。匹配和稳定的阻抗产生低回波损耗。
     
  • 降低插入损耗:
    与FPC/FFC相比,极细同轴线在匹配特定阻抗时可以保证更大的中心导体横截面积,从而最大限度地减少插入损耗。
  • 提高屏蔽性能:
    外层导体起着电磁屏蔽的作用,因此在中心导体上传输的电信号不太容易受到来自外部的电磁波(电磁噪声)的影响。另外,外层导体的屏蔽作用,帮助减少信号之间的串扰。

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3) 极细同轴线的机械性优势

16通常使用极细同轴线的原因是因为它比屏蔽式FPC / FFC具有更高的灵活性,即使弯曲也能保持稳定的电特性。

 

柔性极细同轴线适合于有转轴的设备,电缆需要在设备内进行布线, 诸如笔记本电脑PC平板转轴和无人机上的移动摄像机。随着包括高清摄像机和面板在内的应用量的上升,伴随着更快的信号传输速度,结合了高速信号特性和机械优势的极细同轴线成为首选解决方案。

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为什么 I-PEX 的极细同轴线连接器可以被广泛使用?


1) I-PEX 极细同轴线连接器的特点

I-PEX Connectors 是极细同轴线连接器行业的先驱, 提供适用于多种不同应用的同轴线连接器产品。I-PEX 极细同轴线连接器在 PC 平板连接器行业市场占有率名列前茅。
(CABLINE®-VS 母座 : VESA 标准连接器)

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2) I-PEX 屏蔽式连接器的特点

With the development of high-performance, power-saving, and miniaturized electronic equipment, the demand for high-speed signals is increasing, the number of electronic components operating at low voltage is increasing, and the density of installed electronic components is also increasing. If electromagnetic noise is added from the outside, it may cause unnecessary current in the internal circuit of the device, causing failure or damage of high-performance electronic components, and may also cause damage to electronic devices. .In addition, in electronic devices with wireless communication functions (such as laptops, tablets, and mobile phones), electromagnetic waves generated inside the devices increase the noise of the wireless communication circuit, thereby degrading the antenna reception performance.
.In this case, in general, the measure against electromagnetic noise inside the equipment is to physically shield the electromagnetic noise by incorporating an electromagnetic noise filter element into the circuit and/or adding a metal shield to the element.

With the introduction of small devices mounting high-density components, and the emergence of high-speed signals in these devices, it is necessary to take measures against electromagnetic noise at device jumpers. I-PEX has developed a series of connectors that solve the problem of electromagnetic noise in the connector, with suitable grounding structure and covering layer, including the mounting position of the signal terminal tail with metal shielding ( ZenShield ® ) . This solution is widely adopted by many customers to prevent electromagnetic interference, especially on high-performance devices equipped with wireless communication functions such as Wi-Fi®, GPS, LTE, etc.

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White Paper:  Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Cover Technical Report

White Paper: Techniques for mitigating intrapair skew induced EMI with shielded.

White Paper: Achieving high speed transmission by improving SI performance with a paddle card.

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For more information, please contact your local I-PEX sales representative.